Murder is a crime that should be dealt with by civic authorities. Murder is unlawful killing of another person. The law gives examples that enable the boundaries around murder to be defined.
- Killing a person in self defence is not murder (Ex 22:2).
- Killing a soldier during a war is not murder (Deut 20:12,13). This rule does not apply to all wars, but only where a community is being defended.
- Intent is important. Murder occurs, if a man schemes and kills another man deliberately (Ex 21:12). A person cannot be held accountable for something that was beyond their control. An accidental death is not murder (Ex 21:12).
- Allowing a dangerous animal or machine to wander without restraint could become murder if someone is killed (Ex 21:29).
- Murder is an extreme form of assault, so all assault is covered by this command.